West Virginia & Regional History Collection

Finding Aid For: Holt, Rush Dew (1905-1955). Papers, 1851-1955.

Finding Aid Prepared by: Staff of the West Virginia & Regional History Collection

Summary Information
Title: Holt, Rush Dew (1905-1955). Papers
Creator: Holt, Rush Dew (1905-1955) Holt family
Inclusive dates: 1820-2014

Extent: 123 ft. 2 1/2 in. (278 document cases, 5 in. each); (2 document cases, 2 1/2 in.); (4 records cartons, 15 in. each); (3 small flat storage boxes, 3 in.); (3 large flat storage boxes, 3 in.); (1 large flat storage box, 5 in.); (2 large flat storage boxes, 1 1/2 in.); (1 folder, 1/4 in.)
Abstract:
Papers of Rush Dew Holt of Lewis County, documenting his activities as a sports writer, teacher, West Virginia state legislator at various times from 1931 to 1949, and U.S. senator from West Virginia, 1935-1941. Collection includes correspondence, clippings, scrapbooks, photographs, speeches, sound recordings, writings, press releases, political cartoons, and printed matter. The collection also includes the personal papers of Dr. M.S. Holt (1850-1939), father of Senator Holt, and Ralph K. Chase (1900-1947), brother-in-law of the senator. There are also extensive addenda to this collection which include not only additional material regarding Rush D. Holt, but also his wife Helen Froelich Holt and their son Rush D. Holt, Jr.; these addenda are described in the scope and content note. For photographs related to this collection, go to wvhistoryonview.org and search for this collection's four digit call number (otherwise known as an a&m number).

Call number: A&M No.: 1701
Language: The materials are in English
Repository: West Virginia & Regional History Collection

Access and Use
Access Restrictions:

Requires signed form, since special access restriction applies.

Copyright:

WV&RHC Retains all Rights

Preferred Citation:

A&M No. and Collection Title

Related A&M Nos.:

873, 1701, 3943

Separated Material:

17 reels of undated sound recordings, chiefly relating to the political career of Rush Dew Holt, were separated to the oral history collection, C432 R699-R715 (17 tapes). These tapes include some personal material as well.


Historical Note

Biographical Sketches of the Holt Family

Rush Dew Holt, Sr.

Rush D. Holt was born in Weston, West Virginia in 1905 to Dr. Matthew S. Holt and Chihela Dew Holt. Dr. Holt was a respected physician, horse breeder and a controversial political figure. He was a self proclaimed socialist, atheist and pacifist. His outspoken opposition to America's involvement in War World I brought much criticism and physical attacks against Dr. Holt, his home and family, for his 'anti-American' opinions, but Dr. Holt held firm to his views. Rush's mother, Chihela Dew Holt was the first female graduate of Salem College and later taught in a business school. After her marriage to Dr. Holt and birthing seven children, Chihela opened her own grocery store next to the family home. Rush Holt was raised in a free thinking home where honesty, kindness and education were foundational.

After graduating from high school with honors at the age of 15, Rush attended West Virginia University, later transferring to Salem College where he earned a Bachelors of Arts Degree in 1924. He taught and coached in high schools, and in Glenville and Salem Colleges. In 1930 Rush was elected to his first public office as a Delegate to the West Virginia Legislature. By 1934 he had the political support to defeat incumbent Senator Henry Hatfield. At the age of 29, Rush Holt became the youngest person to win a United States Senate seat. However, Senator-elect Holt could not be sworn in until June, 1935 when he turn thirty years old, meeting the constitutional age requirement for senators. Though Senator Holt was referred to as the 'Boy Senator' and President Franklin Delano Roosevelt's 'Golden Boy', his political honeymoon would shortly end. Senator Holt began to criticize the administration for its New Deal policies, and adamantly fought FDR's attempt to 'pack' the Supreme Court with FDR nominees by changing the number of sitting justices from 9 to 12. Things turned very ugly as Senator Holt campaigned against any attempts by the administration to become involved in the European War. All this lead to Rush Holt losing his bid for renomination to his senate seat.

In 1940, Senator Holt met Helen L. Froelich, a biology teacher at the National Park College near Washington. They were married a year later and had two children, a daughter, Helen Jane Holt and a son, Rush Dew Holt, Jr. When Senator Holt's sister died in 1952, the couple adopted her son, David. When the Holts returned to West Virginia after 1941, Rush Holt stayed involved in politics by accepting speaking engagements, and by publishing a newspaper titled 'The West Virginia Taxpayer' which attacked government spending and excessive taxation.

Rush Holt ran several times for state and national offices with little success In 1952 he came very close to winning the race for West Virginia governor as the Republican candidate, losing to William Marland. Rush was returned to the House of Delegates in the West Virginia legislature by the voters of Lewis County in 1954. Senator Rush Dew Holt died in 1955 after a long, tough campaign against cancer.

Helen Froelich Holt

Helen Louise Holt was born in Gridley, Illinois, in 1913, the daughter of William and Edna Froelich, a well respected farming family. William Froelich served several terms as mayor of Gridley. Helen graduated from high school in 1930; attended Stephens College, receiving an A.A. degree in 1932; and attended Northwestern University, earning a B.A. in 1934 and a M.S. in Biology in 1938. Later Helen started working toward a doctorate at University of Missouri and University of North Carolina. She was a science librarian and teaching assistant at Stephens College and taught Biology at National Park College near Washington D.C., 1938-1941. In 1940, Helen Froelich was introduced to the junior Senator from West Virginia, Rush Dew Holt by Senator Holt's sister, Jane, after the Senator saw Helen's picture in Life Magazine. The article refuted a letter written by a reader claiming female teachers were 'ugly' by publishing photographs of attractive, intelligent women educators. All the photographs were sent to the magazine by students, including Helen Froelich's. Senator Holt and Helen Froelich were married a year later.

The couple moved to West Virginia after Senator Holt lost his bid for renomination to retain his senate seat. Two children were born to the couple, Helen Jane Holt and Rush Dew Holt, Jr. During this period, Mrs. Holt described herself as a homemaker while Senator Holt worked on restoring his political career and running for office. Helen Holt was involved in the inner circle of her husband's campaigns and during his service in the West Virginia legislature. In 1955, Rush Dew Holt died of cancer, and Helen Holt was appointed by the governor to fulfill her late husband's term in the House of Delegates. In 1957, after the death of the Secretary of State, Governor Cecil Underwood appointed Helen Holt to the office of Secretary of State, making her the first woman to hold that position in West Virginia history. After losing to Joe F. Burdett for election to the office in 1958, Mrs. Holt continued to break the gender barrier: she was the first woman appointed assistant commissioner of public institutions in West Virginia, she was voted to serve as a delegate at large at the Republican Convention, and she was later the first woman to serve as a trustee on the Board of the National Presbyterian Church in Washington. In 1960, Helen Holt received a Presidential appointment as Special Assistant to the Commissioner of the Federal Housing Administration. She was later made the Director of Mortgage Insurance for Nursing Homes, and assistant to Secretary of Housing and Urban Development. Helen Froelich Holt retired from government service in 1983, but still remains active in her church, family and public service.

Rush Dew Holt, Jr.

Rush Dew Holt, Jr. was born in Weston, West Virginia in 1948. He is the son of the late U.S. Senator from West Virginia, (1935-1941) Rush Dew Holt, Sr. and Helen Froelich Holt, the first woman to be appointed West Virginia Secretary of State, (1957-1959) and presidential appointee to HUD, (retired, 1983). Rush, Jr. graduated from Carleton College in Minnesota with a B.A. in Physics, and earned a M.S. and a Ph.D. from NYU. In 1989 to 1998, Holt was Assistant Director of the Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory. He has worked on developing alternative energy and has his own patent for a solar energy device.

In 1996, Holt lost his first race for office, losing in the primary for a congressional seat in New Jersey. In 1998, he won the election in the same district; and in the 2000 race he barely beat his challenger, winning by only 1,101 votes. Redistricting before the 2002 election gave Holt a comfortable hold on his district and he was returned to the House of Representatives through the 2006 election. Holt's final term in Congress ended in January 2015.

After his congressional career, Holt became to the chief executive officer of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) and the executive publisher of the Science family of journals.

Congressman Holt is married to Margaret Lancefield, a physician and Medical Director of the Princeton Charity Care Clinic. They have three children, Michael, Rachel and Dejan.


Collection Scope and Content Note

Initial Acquisition of 1963:

1851-1955; 71 ft. 1 in. (169 document cases, 5 in.; 1 flat storage box, 5 in.; 1 flat storage box, 3 in.; box numbers 170 and 171 are contained in the 5 in. flat storage box; the 3 in. flat storage box is unnumbered, and contains sound recordings on disk)

Papers of Rush Dew Holt of Lewis County, documenting his activities as a sports writer, teacher, West Virginia state legislator at various dates from 1931 to 1949, and U.S. senator from West Virginia, 1935-1941. Collection includes correspondence, clippings, scrapbooks, photographs, speeches, sound recordings, writings, press releases, political cartoons, and printed matter. The collection also includes the personal papers of Dr. M.S. Holt (1850-1939), father of Senator Holt, and Ralph K. Chase (1900-1947), brother-in-law of the senator.

Subjects include: state and national politics, 1920-1954; U.S. Senator Matthew M. Neely; the public utilities industry and investigations of it by the West Virginia House of Delegates; the Wheeler-Rayburn Holding Company Act; taxation and the cost of government; the National Recovery Administration; Huey P. Long; organized labor (including the United Mine Workers of America, the Congress of Industrial Organizations, the American Federation of Labor, the Progressive Miners of America, John L. Lewis, and Van A. Bittner); the Works Progress Administration; Harry L. Hopkins; Walter Thurmond; the Guffey Coal Act; the National Bituminous Coal Commission; the National Labor Relations Board; public education; the Supreme Court reorganization bill; the anti-lynching bill; social security and government relief; political patronage and graft; reciprocal trade agreements; the Roosevelt Administration's foreign policy; and the America First Committee.

Correspondents include: Michael L. Benedum, Van A. Bittner, Hugo L. Black, Harry F. Byrd, William G. Conley, Roy Bird Cook, Charles E. Coughlin, John B. Easton, Andrew Edmiston, James A. Farley, Hamilton Fish, John N. Garner, William Green, Walter S. Hallanan, Sigfrid Hauck, Homer A. Holt, Matthew S. Holt, Harry I. Hopkins, Harold Ickes, Anna Jarvis, Hiram Johnson, John Kee, Robert G. Kelly, H.G. Kump, Robert M. LaFollette, Jr., William Lemke, John L. Lewis, Huey P. Long, Sam Mallison, Clarence W. Meadows, H.I. Mencken, Matthew M. Neely, Gerald P. Nye, George N. Peek, Claude Pepper, Jennings Randolph, John E. Rankin, James Roosevelt, Upton Sinclair, Gerald L.K. Smith, Walter R. Thurmond, Hector B. Trujillo, Harry S. Truman, John R. Turner, Burton K. Wheeler, Walter White, and Aubrey Williams. There are processing notes for the correspondence during the years 1928-1942 which give a fuller description of the collection.

The papers of M.S. Holt, Sr., concern the newspaper business, horse breeding, local, state, and national politics, the Socialist Party of West Virginia, and the practice of medicine. There are also medical account books, an account book for the Weston REPUBLICAN, ca. 1879-1880, and two daybooks for the Weston REPUBLICAN, 1881-1893.

The papers of Ralph K. Chase include legal and personal correspondence, law school notebooks, and materials relating to the U.S. Maritime Commission; papers of Andrew E. Holt, brother of Rush D. Holt, and papers relating to the Weston Cash Grocery and other family matters.

Sound recordings on disk (located in an unnumbered oversize 3 in. flat storage box) were copied to tape; the tape copies are in the oral history collection, C589 R1805-R1817 (13 tapes). Tape one of this set includes a speech by Holt speaking out against the United States entering World War II (WWII); it was broadcast by the NBC network.

Sound recordings on tape were separated to the oral history collection also (see separation note under "access and use").

Paper copy of box-level container list available in control folder.

Addendum of 1999:

1820-1999; 11 ft. 11 in. (28 document cases, 5 in.; 1 flat storage box, 3 in.); Records documenting the professional and personal activities of United States Senator from West Virginia, Rush D. Holt (1905-1955) , (Mrs.) Helen Holt, and their son, New Jersey Congressman Rush D. Holt Jr. The bulk of the collection pertains to Helen Holt, former West Virginia Secretary of State and Presidential appointee to HUD. Materials include correspondence, speeches, statistics, copies of congressional records, campaign ephemera, publications, clippings, financial records, photographs, newsletters, programs, and personal memorabilia. There is also information regarding the Holts' daughter, Helen Jane Holt Seale, Senator Holt's father, Dr. Matthew S. Holt, and other family members from Lewis County, West Virginia. Paper copy of folder-level container list available in control folder.

Notable items in the addendum of 1999 include:

several letters between David Goff of Randolph County and J.M. Bennett of Lewis County, ca. 1837-1870, both of whom were politically active in Virginia and later West Virginia governments. Most letters pertain to legislation, land speculation, and financial matters. In a letter to Goff of 1864/08/10, Bennett agrees with Goff's giving "aid" to Union officer Nathan Goff who was a prisoner. Bennett claims to hold no grudge against the Union general for removing Bennett's family from their home and confiscating Bennett property for the Union army. (located in box 201, folder 16 and Folder 10);

an 1841/06/15 command from the "Commonwealth Of Virginia to Tho. Jackson, Constable of Lewis County..." to execute a writ. Thomas (later known as "Stonewall") Jackson had just been sworn in as a minor sheriff of Lewis County four days earlier (11 June 1841). Jackson was only sixteen years old at the time. (located in box 201, folder 8); and

correspondence and several court papers (1820-1843) of prominent citizens of Lewis County, (West) Virginia. Many were close friends and sponsors of Thomas J. Jackson during his early life, such as Justice of the Peace, Minter Bailey, and Dr. William Bland. (located in box 201, folder 8).

Addendum of 2005/03/22:

1866-2004; 6 ft. 8 in. (16 document cases, 5 in.); Records documenting the professional and personal activities of Rush Dew Holt (1905-1955), (Mrs.) Helen Holt, and their son Rush Holt, Jr.; most records are about Helen Holt, who has served as Secretary of State for the State of West Virginia, in the West Virginia House of Delegates, and under the Eisenhower, Nixon, and Ford administrations in the Federal Housing Administration and the Department of Housing and Urban Development. Includes correspondence, clippings, newsletters, programs, invitations, photographs, etc. Bulk of records date from 1930-1990. Paper copy of folder-level container list available in control folder.

Addendum of 2005/06/03:

1993-2005; 2 1/2 in. (1 document case, 2 1/2 in.); Records documenting the professional and personal activities of Mrs. Helen Holt and her son Rush Holt, Jr.; most records are about Helen Holt and her activities in the vicinity of Washington, D.C. Includes correspondence, clippings, newsletters, programs, invitations, photographs, etc. Bulk of records date from 1993-2005.

Addendum of 2005/10/05:

1940-1990; 3 ft. 9 in. (3 record cartons); Records documenting the professional and personal activities of Mrs. Helen Holt; also includes some records regarding her daughter Helen Jane Holt. Includes correspondence, clippings, newsletters, programs, pamphlets, and photographs regarding the engagement and wedding of Rush Dew Holt and Helen Froelich, birth and christening of daughter Helen Jane Holt, Secretary of State (WV) and Federal Housing Administration activities of Helen Holt, speech notes of Helen Holt, Greenbrier College (Lewisburg, WV), Stephens College (Columbia, MO), and travel ephemera related to trains, planes, buses, and lodging (1940s-1960s), among other records.

Addendum of 2007/02/28:

1934-2006; 2 ft. 1 in. (2 document cases, 5 in.; 1 record carton); Records documenting the personal and professional activities of Rush D. Holt and (Mrs.) Helen Holt. Most records are about Helen Holt, who served as Secretary of State for the State of West Virginia, in the West Virginia House of Delegates, and under the Eisenhower, Nixon, and Ford administrations in the Federal Housing Administration and in the Department of Housing and Urban Development. Includes scrapbooks, newspaper clippings, correspondence, programs, bulletins, manuals, pamphlets, newsletters, photographs, etc. Scrapbooks include: correspondence (1971) endorsing the appointment of Helen Holt to the post of United States Treasurer; records regarding the early development of nursing homes; and papers regarding Greenbrier College, Blackstone College for Girls, Zeta Mu Epsilon sorority, and Delta Delta Delta sorority. Newspaper clippings regard Portia Wagar Mashburn; the political careers of Rush D. Holt, Helen Holt, and Rush Holt, Jr.; the death of Rush Holt in 1955; Ken Hechler, West Virginia Secretary of State and U.S. Congressman; World War II; the Froelich family home; and National Park Seminary. Other records regard the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, specifically the issue of housing for the elderly; Delta Delta Delta sorority; The Gamma Chapter of Zeta Mu Epsilon sorority at Greenbrier College, including its pledge manual; the birth and marriage of Helen Jane Holt; the Institute in Basic Youth Conflicts seminar; programs for the elderly and handicapped; Washington Home and Community Hospices; the Washington Club; the Presbyterian Church; and Helen Holt's memberships to various organizations. Paper copy of folder-level container list available in control folder.

Addendum of 2007/08/10:

1930-2007; 2 ft. 4 in. (5 document cases, 5 in.; 1 flat storage box, 3 in.); Papers of the Holt family; the larger part of the addendum is comprised of the personal papers of Helen Froelich Holt, former West Virginia Secretary of State, presidential appointee to a post in the Department of the Interior, and widow of U.S. Senator Rush D. Holt. Includes scrapbooks (2 items) focusing on Senator Holt's last year in the U.S. Senate and his campaign to keep America out of a European war, and Helen Froelich Holt's sorority memorabilia as an undergraduate and photograph in Life Magazine (1940) as a Biology teacher at the National Park College in Maryland; there are also clippings, congratulations, and keepsakes celebrating Senator Holt and Helen Froelich Holt's courtship, engagement and wedding. There are photographs of Senator Holt's 1952 campaign for governor of West Virginia and Dwight Eisenhower's 1952 "Whistle Stop" campaign for the presidency in West Virginia; personal letters and cards from family and friends; congratulations on the birth of their children; invitations (including several to Mrs. Holt for the National Prayer Breakfast at the White House, ca 1996-2003); ephemera and prospectuses from charities, political organizations, ministries, colleges etc.; and programs and bulletins (from concerts at the Kennedy Center for Fine Arts, church services, theater productions, and dinners and luncheons for nationally prominent officials). There are also autographs from Senators Bob Dole, Barack Obama and Hillary Clinton; travel ephemera from Helen F. Holt's 1972 visit to New Zealand and Australia on behalf of the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development to tour long term care facilities and elderly housing, including a report with photographs from Mrs. Holt to a HUD official; and papers of Congressman Rush Holt, Jr., son of Senator and Mrs. Holt, pertaining to his political career, including campaign literature, clippings, and newsletters. Paper copy of folder-level container list available in control folder.

Addendum of 2008/03/05:

1952; 2 ft. 6 in. (6 document cases, 5 in.); Newspaper clippings by or about Rush D. Holt relating to West Virginia or national news and politics, arranged chronologically. Includes "Facts and Figures", a column written by Holt.

Addendum of 2008/06/27:

1912-2008; 2 ft. 11 in. (7 document cases, 5 in.); Professional and personal papers of the Holt family in four series, including those of Helen F. Holt, Senator Rush D. Holt, their daughter Helen Jane Holt Seale, and their son Rush D. Holt Jr. Professional papers include correspondence, clippings, photographs, and other material regarding their political careers in both state (West Virginia and New Jersey) and federal government.

Addendum of 2011/06/30:

ca. 1906-2011; 2 ft. 11 in. (7 document cases, 5 in.); Papers of the Holt family, mostly regarding Helen Holt and Rush D. Holt, Jr.

Record Series include:
Biographical Information; 2009-2010, undated; box 1, folder 1
Newspapers and News Clippings; 1941-2011; box 1, folders 2-8
Rush D. Holt, Jr.; 2009-2011; box 1, folders 9-12
Incoming Correspondence; 1957-2011; box 2, folders 1-9
Announcements and Invitations; 1970-2011, undated; box 3, folder 1
Programs; 1975-2011, undated; box 3, folder 2
West Virginia University; 2004-2011, undated; box 3, folder 3
WVU Foundation Fund; 2003, 2006; box 3, folder 4
Photographs; 1938-2009, undated; box 3, folders 5-10
U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development; 1975, 1984, undated; box 4, folder 1
Speeches; 2011, undated; box 4, folders 2-4
Subject Files; ca. 1906-2011; box 4, folder 5 - box 6, folder 4
Scrapbook -- Stephens College and Northwestern University; 1930-1934; box 6, folder 5 - box 7, folder 1
Certificates; 2010; box 7, folder 2
Ephemera; 2009-2011, undated; box 7, folder 3
Miscellaneous; ca. 1945, undated; box 7, folder 4

Paper copy of folder-level container list available in control folder.

Addendum of 2013/11/04:

1863-2013; 2 ft., 1 in. (5 document cases, 5 in.); Papers of the Holt family, mainly regarding Helen (Froelich) Holt. Most of this addendum consists of correspondence, greeting cards, event related items (programs, invitations, etc.), clippings, publications, photographs, miscellaneous, and oversize.

There is a Civil War letter within the correspondence material from Confederate soldier J.B. Mairecolas dated 1863.

Miscellaneous items (located in box 5) include a book titled "How to be Smart and Charming" owned by Helen Holt while in college; a scrapbook containing advertisement cards, calling cards, and other paper ephemera kept by Helen (Froelich) Holt; and bound issues of "The West Virginia Taxpayer" by Rush D. Holt, Sr. with letter from Helen Holt.

Oversize material includes a color photocopy of a 1940 Time Magazine article that contains a photograph of Helen Holt and a study for an oil portrait of Alva Allegre dated 1939.

There is also material regarding Helen Holt's 100th birthday; speeches given by Mrs. Holt; schools attended by Mrs. Holt; a trip to China taken by Mrs. Holt; Rush Holt, Jr.; the National Presbyterian Church; and other material.

Addendum of 2014/03/14:

1993-2014; 5 in. (1 document case); Papers of Helen Holt, including correspondence and material regarding Rush D. Holt, Jr. Correspondence is mainly personal in nature and includes Christmas cards. Materials regarding Rush D. Holt, Jr. regard his political career and include news articles, clippings, and correspondence. Part of this material regards Holt's decision in 2014 to not seek re-election.

Addendum of 2014/09/29:

ca. 1900-2014; 5 in. (1 document case); Papers of Helen Holt, including photographs, biographical information regarding the Holt family, clippings, and publications.

Addendum of 2016/02/27:

1938-2014; 3 ft., 1 1/2 in. (4 document cases, 5 in.; 1 document case, 2 1/2 in.; 2 large flat storage boxes, 3 in.; 2 small flat storage boxes, 3 in.; 2 flat storage boxes, 1 1/2 in.); Papers of Helen Holt, including biographical information regarding Helen Holt and the Holt family; clippings; correspondence; publications; photographs; records of a speech by Rush Holt Sr., an artifact, a painting of Helen Holt; plagues, and other material.

box 1; contains a typescript biography of Helen Holt (2014), a Froelich family history (1966), and Helen Holt's zoology master's thesis (1938)
box 2; Clippings, correspondence, and miscellaneous material
box 3; Books
box 4; "Niceness" issues and artifact
box 5; Photographs
box 6; Oversize photographs
box 7; Records of speech by Rush Holt Sr.
box 8; Portrait painting of Helen Holt and copy of Helen Holt's diploma in rolled storage tube
box 9; Certificates regarding political offices held by Rush Holt Sr. and framed wedding photograph of Helen Holt
box 10; Plaques awarded to Helen Holt
box 11; Plaques awarded to Helen Holt
Subject Terms
Subjects
  • America First Committee.
  • American Federation of Labor.
  • Congress of Industrial Organizations.
  • Democratic party.
  • National Bituminous Coal Commission.
  • National Labor Relations Board.
  • Progressive Mine Workers of America.
  • Republican Party (U.S. : 1854- )
  • Socialist Party.
  • United Mine Workers of America.
  • United States - Maritime Commission.
  • United States - National Recovery Administration.
  • United States - Supreme Court.
  • United States Congress.
  • United States. Congress. Senate.
  • West Virginia - Legislature.
  • West Virginia Training School.
  • Weston Cash Grocery.
  • Weston State Hospital.
  • Works Progress Administration.
  • Benedum, Michael L.
  • Bittner, Van A. (Van Amberg), 1885-1949.
  • Black, Hugo L.
  • Bradley, J. G.
  • Byrd, Harry F.
  • Chase, Ralph K.
  • Conley, William G.
  • Cook, Roy Bird.
  • Coughlin, Charles E.
  • Easton, John B.
  • Edmiston, Andrew.
  • Farley, James A.
  • Fish, Hamilton.
  • Garner, John N.
  • Green, William.
  • Hallanan, Walter S. (Walter Simms), 1890-1962.
  • Hauck, Sigfrid.
  • Holt, Andrew E.
  • Holt, Helen F.
  • Holt, Homer A.
  • Holt, Homer Adams.
  • Holt, Matthew S.
  • Holt, Matthew S., Jr.
  • Holt, Matthew S., Sr.
  • Holt, Rush Dew.
  • Hopkins, Harry L.
  • Ickes, Harold L.
  • Jarvis, Anna.
  • Johnson, Hiram.
  • Kee, John.
  • Kelly, Robert G.
  • Kump, Herman G.
  • Kump, Herman Guy.
  • LaFollette, Robert M. Jr.
  • Langer, William.
  • Lemke, William.
  • Lewis, John Llewellyn, 1880-1969.
  • Long, Huey P.
  • Mallison, Samuel T.
  • Meadows, Clarence W.
  • Mencken, H.L.
  • Neely, Matthew Mansfield, 1874-1958.
  • Nye, Gerald P.
  • Peek, George N.
  • Pepper, Claude.
  • Randolph, Jennings, 1902-1998.
  • Rankin, John E.
  • Lewis County (W. Va.)
  • Meadow River.
  • St. Marys (W. Va.)
  • Accounts and account books.
  • Cattle and livestock.
  • Churches - Presbyterian.
  • Coal mining - Labor organization.
  • Editors - letters and papers.
  • Education.
  • Education. SEE ALSO Schools.
  • Elections.
  • Genealogy.
  • Guffey Coal Act.
  • Hospitals and hospital records.
  • Korean Conflict.
  • Lawyers - letters and papers.
  • Medicine. SEE ALSO Folk medicine.
  • New Deal.
  • Physicians - letters and papers.
  • Politics and government.
  • Public utilities industry.
  • Public Utilities.
  • School teachers.
  • Schools.
  • Summersville Dam.
  • Taxes and taxation.
  • Union names.
  • Unions.
  • Unions. SEE ALSO Labor organization.
  • United States - New Deal.
  • United States - Social Security.
  • Universities and colleges.
  • Wheeler-Rayburn Holding Company Act.
  • Women's history - 1850-1899.
  • Women's history - 1900-1929.
  • Women's history - 1929-1950.
  • Women's history - 1951-present.
  • Women's history.
  • Weston Republican.