U.S. 1st-6th Volunteer Infantry (Ex-Confederates). Civil War Service Records 1864-1866
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Summary Information

Title: U.S. 1st-6th Volunteer Infantry (Ex-Confederates). Civil War Service Records
Creator: U.S. 1st-6th Volunteer Infantry (Ex-Confederates)
Inclusive dates: 1864-1866

Extent: 86 reels of microfilm
The compiled service records of Confederate prisoners of war who were released from prison camps upon signing a loyalty oath and volunteering for service in the Union Army. The ex-Confederates who comprised the First through Sixth U.S. Volunteer Infantry Regiments were recruited at first from the prison camp at Pt. Lookout, Maryland but later also from Rock Island, Alton, Camp Douglas, and Camp Morton in Illinois, and from Camp Chase in Columbus, Ohio. Although initially serving near combat theaters of the Civil War, it was deemed that these popularly nicknamed "Galvanized Yankees" should not have to face fighting their former comrades in arms. Consequently, they were transferred early on to the northwestern frontier where they served as escorts and guards for settlers from the native inhabitants (Plains Indians). The records are arranged by regiment number and thereunder alphabetically by soldier's surname. The records contained therein relate solely to a particular soldier and are of two general types. The first kind consists of card index abstracts of entries on rolls or in books such as muster rolls, hospital rolls, or descriptive books. The second type consists of copies of original personal papers such as medical reports, enlistment papers and orders. Reel 65 consists of personal papers of soldiers with insufficient proof of service to justify a regular compiled record, those rejected for service for various reasons, and those attached to one of the regiments such as physicians or chaplains.

Call number: A&M No.: 3057
Language: The materials are in English
Repository: West Virginia & Regional History Collection